if this was in response to what i said-and if it wasn't i apologize for continuing to ramble! and no one really has to read this, because it is just me saying stuff.Or if someone who falls for conspiracy theories lacks knowledge only
but they lack knowledge only. yes. no distinction of why, or what the reason is why they don't have that knowledge, which gets into a lot of things that can be upsetting and offensive and wrong. but they do lack knowledge. specifically they lack the knowledge of what is true. and also because there are "conspirecies" which i believe. which to me, are true.
and because i fundamentally struggle with what is true and false, that is something i am personally familiar with as well. so either i also lack the knowledge of what is true, or maybe some conspirecies are legitimate. but it is really hard to filter what is true and what isn't true. that is a human problem. it is not specific to culture or language or geography.
because of how information is now disseminated. what i do work with, on the project i'm working on right now, is how people learn. what logic is. and how information actually works. what is meaningful and what isn't. and that can be personal (me), or interpersonal (my relationships with other people i know) or it can be impersonal (people in general) or both!
so i'm also not just talking out of my ass, i am familiar with these topics because i am developing a program which specifically does behaviors that humans do. to identify what is what, where, when, and why. and those are contextual cues that the program has, that it can identify what is in front of them, and we know this because we study how humans identify information.
and there are ways that people behave, because they don't know something. and they either don't know it because: they didn't learn it. or they are not capable of learning it. there is either a functional problem (they may have a brain injury that prevents them from learning certain types of information) or it is because they didn't learn it.
either because they didn't encounter that information prior, because that information is not important to their environment (which is relative, and culture, as you mentioned) or because the information they did get, didn't make sense to them. (which could be because of function, or because the information itself was not intelligible.)
and most people who have mental and physical deficits, outside of a very specialized group of people, are able to learn information and apply it. what this means is that fundamentally what i am talking out, is what people know. and like you mentioned very aptly, which was a very great observation, that what people know, is dependent on what around them.
and what is true, or accepted as true, can be different depending on your environment. what is true is not, because that is an objective measurement. but what is accepted as true is distinct, because it is relational. and that was why i had brought up technology as a specific example of something i am familiar with, because it is what i do for a living.
and the interplays of human behavior and how that influences human behavior, and how human behavior influences machine learning. because we can only teach machines how to think like people if we know how people think like. so that involves a lot of different things!
my opinion based on my education (which is limited and general) and my experience (which is very specific and technical, as well as personal, because i am disordered) is that pathological behavior is pathological, and there are reasons why pathology exists, but it is unlikely that it specifically exists for a positive reason. it probably just exists. because there is a functional deficit.
and that applies to me as well. i have a functional deficit in how i learn and express information. that is general and not specific. and i also have deficits in my personality which may be functional (my genetics) or more likely that my environment is responsible, but as far as i can tell, there is no advantage to having these deficits. sometimes these deficits are advantageos, but that is very specific.
i am more easily able to sense negative emotions, for example. and this can be beneficial if negative emotions are happening. but is illogical because i cannot tell what is meaningful information and what isn't. so it is untrustworthy information, inherently. but which becomes more relevent as that specifically guides my behavior. and i behave in ways that aren't rational because of it.
and it's not rational. there is no reason. what i believe and what i think, to me, seems rational, but it isn't. it's nonsense. and if i knew it was nonsense, i wouldn't be disordered. i would be normal, and rational. does that make sense?
and when you talk of ptsd, obviously, that is distinct, because it is caused by external influences, so when we get into what is disordered or not, that is a little different. because it would not be normal to be fine with people being harmed around you, or yourself being harmed. that would be pathological. so there is some variation in this.
because people's behaviors are situationally dependent on what is happening. and sometimes the situation is internal (certain mental illnesses) and sometimes the situation is external (trauma, specifically). and this is all just behavior, it's how we behave, it's how stuff behaves in general. most animals don't like being in pain and will move away from it.
some animals are neurotic and will exhibit compulsive behaviors. like scratching or excessive grooming.